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Labrador Facts

Origin: Newfoundland, Canada
Lifespan: 10-12 years
Breed Group: Sporting
Coat Type: Double coat, short and dense
Coat Colours: Yellow, Black, Chocolate
Temperament: Friendly, Outgoing, Gentle
Height: 56-61 cm (22-24 inches)
Weight: 25-36 kg (55-80 lbs)


Meet the Labrador Retriever, a medium-sized purebred sporting dog renowned for its boundless energy and cheerful nature. As a member of the Sporting Dog category, Labradors are prized for their versatility, intelligence, and willingness to please. They’re not just a popular family dog in the United States, the United Kingdom and Ireland but are also valued as dependable assistance dogs and detection experts.

These highly adaptable dogs are equally at home in the field, retrieving waterfowl or upland game, as they are in the show ring. Labradors are known for their enthusiasm, intelligence, and easy trainability, making them gentle companions for children and seniors alike. They excel in various canine sports and require ample exercise and mental stimulation to stay happy and healthy.

With an insatiable appetite and a keen sense of smell, Labradors need conscientious guardians to manage their diet. Their gentle, outgoing nature and non-aggressive disposition make them perfect family pets, while their muscular build and love for play ensure they’re always up for a game of fetch or a swim.

If you choose a Labrador as your furry companion, be prepared for their endless enthusiasm and energy. They’ll happily run, fetch, or swim for hours, making it essential to provide them with sufficient exercise to prevent obesity and boredom. It’s no wonder that Labradors continue to hold the #1 popularity position among all registered breeds according to the American Kennel Club.

A Brief History of the Labrador

Origins in Canada and the UK

The Labrador Retriever, a celebrated purebred gun dog with a rich history, originally hailed from Canada and the United Kingdom, where it underwent significant development. It acquired the name “Labrador Retriever” when it was imported from Canada to England.

Possible Portuguese Origins

Some historians speculate that the Labrador’s roots might trace back to Portugal before being introduced to Newfoundland by Portuguese sailors. In the late 1700s, Newfoundland was home to two breeds known as the Lesser and Greater Newfoundland, or the Lesser and Greater St. John’s dogs. These dogs were treasured companions of fishermen and were used to haul fish-laden carts. The Lesser Newfoundland had a sleek black coat and was known for its loyalty, while the Greater Newfoundland boasted a thick, long coat. Both breeds were renowned for their exceptional hunting and retrieving abilities, which eventually reached the shores of Great Britain.

Earls, Dukes, and Lords Shape the Breed

The Labrador’s evolution into the modern breed we know today can be attributed to the dedication of various Earls, Dukes, and Lords in 19th-century England. They focused on refining the breed for duck hunting on their estates. The first Labrador from Canada is believed to have arrived in England around 1820. In 1892, the first liver or chocolate-coloured Labs emerged through the breeding efforts of the Duke of Buccleuch. The legendary “Ben of Hyde,” born in 1899 from two black-coated parents, is the ancestor of all yellow Labs. Many historians credit two dogs, Avon and Ned, from the Duke of Buccleuch’s breeding line, as the forebears of modern Labradors.

Arrival in the United States

During World War I, the Labrador was introduced to the United States, where it rapidly gained popularity. The Labrador Retriever Club of Great Britain played a pivotal role in preserving the breed’s original purpose. The club mandated that all Labs earn a Working Certificate for fieldwork before they could participate in show competitions.

Recognized by Kennel Clubs

The American Kennel Club (AKC) recognized the Labrador Retriever in 1917, and the United Kennel Club (UKC) followed suit in 1947. These high-spirited dogs are not only energetic hunting companions but also known for their friendly and patient temperaments.

Journey to Ireland

Their journey to Ireland began soon after, carried forward by trade, travel, and a growing hunting tradition.

Labrador: Did You Know?

  • Named after the Labrador Sea off Newfoundland, where they served as retrievers.
  • Also known as “Labrador Retriever” or simply “Lab.”
  • Yellow Labradors were a rarity until 1899 when “Ben of Hyde” was born.
  • The Labrador tops popularity charts in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the UK, and the US.
  • Known for their cheerful disposition, Labradors are often considered the “happiest” dogs.
  • Equipped with webbed toes and an otter tail for proficient swimming.
  • Sporting a double waterproof coat to stay dry in the water.
  • Highly valued for their superior sense of smell, used in search and rescue, assistance, and detection work.
  • Labradors have hearty appetites and can easily become overweight without regular exercise.

Labrador Lifespan

The lifespan of a Labrador Retriever is 10-14 years, with an average of around 12 years. Chocolate Labradors tend to have a slightly shorter lifespan of around 10 years.

Labrador Puppies

Bringing a Labrador puppy home is like welcoming a tornado of energy. They are playful, curious, and, at times, mischievous. Early training and socialization are crucial, helping mould their personality and ensuring they grow into well-adjusted adults.

Before buying or adopting a Labrador puppy, the three most important qualities you need to consider should be inherited from the parents, are temperament, health and ability.

Some Labrador puppies are assertive, and others may be quieter. The breed standard states that a Labrador Retriever should be outgoing and never shy. But if in doubt, it is a good rule of thumb to look for the dog that seems midway between the two extremes if you do not want to have to deal with either dominance or fearfulness.

If you have no experience with puppies, it is a good idea to take a knowledgeable friend with you to view the litter. This will help make sure your heart does not rule your head, and you are looking for all the hallmarks of a healthy puppy.

Size and Weight

The Labrador Retriever may appear to be a large breed, as a healthy dog is sturdy and well-muscled, but they are classified as medium-large, standing up to 24 inches at the withers. Females are slightly smaller than males.

Adult males usually weigh between 29-36 kg, and females weigh around 25-32 kg. Their height ranges from 55-62 cm for males and 54-60 cm for females.

Coat and Colours

The original Labradors were almost always black. Black is the dominant gene over the yellow and chocolate colours, which are sometimes termed golden and liver. In the early years, yellow and chocolate were seen as “off colours” and were bred out, or sometimes culled.

Labradors are now primarily recognized in three colours:

Black Labrador

Black is one of the most common and classic colour variations of Labradors. Their coat is solid black throughout, with no other colour markings. The shade of black can range from a glossy jet black to a softer charcoal black.

Yellow Labrador

Yellow Labradors have a coat that can vary in shades of yellow, ranging from a light cream colour to a deep fox red. The colour can be solid or may have variations in shading. Some yellow Labs may have a slightly lighter or darker shade on their ears, tail, or underbelly.

Chocolate Labrador

Chocolate, also known as brown, is another popular colour variation. Chocolate Labradors have a rich brown coat that can vary in shade from a lighter milk chocolate colour to a darker, almost black-brown shade. Like other colours, their coat is typically solid, with no other markings.

The Labrador’s water-repellent coat is certainly an asset, as however much attracted he is to mud and water, his coat is easily hosed or brushed off and requires only minimal grooming. However, the Lab does moult twice a year in the spring and autumn and will shed quite profusely all year round.

Labrador Temperament

Labradors are friendly, outgoing, and even-tempered. Their social nature, combined with a keen intelligence, makes them excellent therapy dogs, assistance dogs, and search-and-rescue dogs. However, their high energy levels mean they are best suited for active families that can provide ample playtime and regular exercise.

Many people claim that personality differences exist between the three colours. For example, the black Labrador, seen so widely in the field, is thought of as a driven and patient hunter. The yellow Lab is seen as a sweet-natured family dog, and the chocolate Lab is thought to have a more independent streak. In actual fact, the colour gene in itself is irrelevant to the Labrador’s personality, but breeding for specific traits can produce a variation. So, where the black Lab has been preferred as a working dog, it has been selected and bred for its active and focused qualities. And as the yellow Lab became a family favourite, this colour variant was selectively bred for its quieter, friendly nature.

A Labrador Retriever will fill your home with joy and entertainment. Your Lab is the one friend you will never have to second-guess, as his honest and unconditional love puts everything into perspective at the end of the day.

With Children

Labradors are often great with children. They are known for their tolerance and patience, making them suitable playmates for kids. However, as with any dog breed, it’s important to teach children how to properly interact with dogs and supervise their interactions to ensure mutual respect and safety.

With Other Animals

Labradors are generally sociable with other animals, including dogs and cats. They have a friendly and non-aggressive nature that helps them get along well with other pets. Proper socialization from an early age can help ensure that Labs develop positive relationships with other animals in the household and in social settings.

Labradors in Urban and Rural Ireland

In urban settings, such as the historic lanes of Cork or Limerick‘s city life, Labradors adapt well, given they receive their daily dose of exercise. Their sociable nature makes them great companions on park visits and neighbourhood walks. Meanwhile, in rural Ireland, they relish the vast open spaces, where their retrieving instincts come alive.

  • Ideal Environment: Ireland’s rich countryside and outdoor traditions offer the perfect setting for active dogs like Labradors.
  • Alignment with Activities: Their skills in hunting, fetching, and water tasks fit well with Ireland’s cultural activities.
  • Urban and Rural Appeal: Labradors are adaptable, making them suitable for city living in places like Dublin as well as the tranquil Irish countryside.
  • Child-Friendly Nature: Their exceptional temperament and gentle nature with kids make them a top choice for families.
  • Utility and Companionship: Beyond being just pets, Labradors serve various roles, from hunting partners to loyal companions, further boosting their popularity.
  • Undisputed Favourite: With a combination of utility, loyalty, and adaptability, the Labrador Retriever remains one of Ireland’s most cherished dog breeds.

Labradors for Sale in Ireland

Several reputable breeders in Ireland offer Labradors. Whether you’re in the heart of Galway or the coastal areas of Wexford, it’s vital to ensure that the breeders adhere to ethical practices, emphasizing health and temperament. Additionally, Labrador-specific rescues and shelters give many of these affable dogs a second chance, making adoption a beautiful journey to consider.

Role in Therapy and Emotional Support Work

Labrador Retrievers play a significant role in therapy and emotional support work due to their unique temperament and characteristics. Here’s how they contribute to these important roles:

Therapy Dogs

Labradors are commonly trained and utilized as therapy dogs in various settings, including hospitals, nursing homes, schools, and rehabilitation centres. Their friendly and gentle nature, combined with their ability to form strong bonds with humans, makes them excellent companions for individuals in need of emotional support. Therapy dogs provide comfort, and companionship, and promote well-being through their presence and interactions with people.

Emotional Support Dogs

Labradors also excel as emotional support dogs. They are known for their empathetic nature and the ability to sense and respond to human emotions. Labradors offer unconditional love, comfort, and a sense of security to individuals experiencing emotional or psychological difficulties. They provide companionship and can help reduce anxiety, stress, and feelings of loneliness.

Health Considerations

Labradors are generally hearty dogs but come with certain breed-specific health concerns:

  1. Hip and Elbow Dysplasia: Regular vet check-ups and a controlled diet can help in early detection and management.
  2. Eye Conditions: Annual eye examinations can help detect conditions like progressive retinal atrophy.
  3. Obesity: Labradors love to eat, making portion control and regular exercise essential.

Labrador Ownership: Pros and Cons


  • Loyal, versatile, intelligent, and loving.
  • Easy to train and eager to learn.
  • Excellent watchdog.
  • Good with children and all family members.
  • Social and friendly with unknown humans and dogs.
  • An excellent choice for first-time dog guardians.


  • A highly active, powerful, medium to large-sized dog that needs a job to stay physically and mentally healthy.
  • May possess the talent of being an escape artist.
  • Highly food motivated and prone to eating anything.
  • Without proper exercise, Labradors can suffer from obesity, leading to various health concerns.