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Bichon Frise Facts

Origin: France
Lifespan: 12-15 years
Breed Group: Toy
Coat Type: Curly and fine
Coat Colours: White, cream, or apricot
Temperament: Playful, Affectionate, Cheerful
Height: 23-30 cm (9-12 inches)
Weight: 3-5 kg (7-12 lbs)


The Bichon Frisé is a diminutive purebred dog hailing from the Non-Sporting category. This delightful breed is part of the larger Bichon family, which also includes the Bichon Bolognese, Coton de Tulear, Maltese, and Havanese. Originally bred as a companion, the Bichon Frisé has a penchant for water-related activities, a remnant of its history as a sailor’s dog.

Known for its exuberance, sensitivity, intelligence, and trainable nature, the Bichon Frisé possesses a joyful personality and can be quite energetic. Despite their vivaciousness, these dogs exhibit a gentle disposition around both children and elderly individuals. However, they have a keen sense of curiosity and may demand to be the centre of attention if not provided with clear rules and boundaries.

This breed excels in the role of a lap dog, relishing human companionship, and is equally enthusiastic about various activities, including canine sports like Agility, Obedience, Flyball, Water Retrieving, and Trick Training. Their playful nature and eagerness to please make them quick learners, particularly when training is initiated early in their lives.

A Brief History

The history of the Bichon Frise is a tale of international adventure and companionship. This breed is believed to have originated from the Mediterranean region, with its ancestors being popular among Spanish sailors during the 14th century. These sailors often traded and gifted these small, charming dogs on their voyages, eventually making their way to the courts of Europe.


The true origins of the Bichon Frisé are shrouded in mystery, but they are believed to have a historical connection with the Barbet, a French water dog closely related to the Poodle, dating back to the 1700s.

Its Name

The name “Bichon Frisé” has an intriguing etymology. It is derived from the Middle French word “bichon,” which translates to “small long-haired dog.” Some theories propose that it might be a contraction of “barbichon,” meaning “small poodle.” Regardless of its precise origins, the first Bichon-type dog emerged during the 1300s, resulting from a crossbreeding between the Maltese and a Poodle.

Mediterranean Beginnings

During the early years of the breed’s development, Bichon-type dogs were categorized into four distinct groups: Bichon Havanese, Bichon Maltese, Bichon Bolognaise, and Bichon Tenerife. All of these breeds hailed from the Mediterranean region and earned their reputation as friendly and affable companions. Sailors played a crucial role in spreading their popularity around the globe.

Spanish Adventures

These delightful dogs found particular favour among Spanish seamen, who are believed to have introduced the breed to the picturesque island of Tenerife. In France, the Bichon Frisé also gained recognition during the Renaissance period, but its zenith of popularity came during the late 1500s, notably in the court of Henry III.

From Aristocracy to Commoners

As the 19th century dawned, the Bichon Frisé experienced a decline in its popularity and was relegated to the status of a “common dog,” often spotted roaming the streets.

A Breed Standard Emerges

In 1934, the Société Centrale Canine, the kennel club of France, established the first breed standard for the Bichon Frisé. This marked a pivotal moment in the breed’s history, setting the stage for its resurgence.

The Tintin Effect

The Bichon Frisé saw a resurgence in popularity thanks in part to the success of Herge’s iconic book, “The Adventures of Tintin,” which featured a fluffy white dog. At that time, the breed went by two names: Bichon and Tenerife. To streamline nomenclature, the president of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale proposed the singular name “Bichon Frisé.”

A Transatlantic Journey

The Bichon Frisé made its debut in the United States around 1955, and within a year, the first U.S.-born litter arrived on American soil. By 1959, two visionary U.S. breeders had acquired Bichon Frisés, playing a pivotal role in the breed’s development in the United States.

American Recognition

In 1971, the Bichon Frisé gained admission into the American Kennel Club’s Miscellaneous class, eventually transitioning to the Non-Sporting Group in 1972.

Triumph at Westminster

A crowning achievement came in 2001 when the Bichon Frisé won Best in Show at the prestigious Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show, cementing its status as a beloved breed on the American canine scene.

Present-Day Popularity

Today, the Bichon Frisé continues to shine, ranking among the top 40 breeds in the United States based on registration statistics. Its captivating charm, distinctive appearance, and endearing personality ensure its enduring popularity among dog lovers worldwide.

In the context of Ireland, Bichon Frise dogs have found a loving home for many years. Irish families have embraced them as both loyal companions and show dogs. This breed’s friendly disposition and manageable size make it a perfect fit for households throughout the Emerald Isle.

Bichon Frise Puppies

Bichon Frise puppies are a bundle of joy, and their presence in Irish households brings endless smiles. These pups are known for their playful nature and eagerness to please. When welcoming a Bichon Frise puppy into your home, you can expect a loyal and affectionate friend for years to come.

Breeding in Ireland: Many responsible breeders in Ireland have dedicated themselves to maintaining the breed’s standards and health. Counties such as Dublin, Cork, and Galway are known for their reputable breeders who prioritize the well-being of Bichon Frise puppies.

Children and Bichon Frisé Puppies: Bichon Frises are generally great with children and kind to one another. However, their gentle nature can make them susceptible to overenthusiastic play or mishandling.

Teaching Respect: Socialize your Bichon Frise puppy with children from the outset, teaching them to respect and care for the pup. Emphasize that teasing or harming the dog is unacceptable.

Supervision Matters: During the early stages of interaction, supervise children when they handle and play with the new puppy. It’s a time of adjustment for both parties, and close observation ensures a positive transition.

Getting Along with Pets: In general, Bichon Frises are amicable with other pets, especially if they’ve been raised together from puppyhood. Socialization and proper training play key roles in ensuring peaceful coexistence.

Compatibility with Other Breeds: It’s worth noting that a Bichon Frisé might get along splendidly with a dog of a different breed. The key is ensuring their compatibility and harmonious interaction.

Remember, Bichon Frisé puppies can form remarkable bonds with each other but also require careful consideration and training to thrive. When introducing them to other pets and children, a well-planned approach can lead to harmonious relationships and a joyful, loving family dynamic.

Size and Weight

The Bichon Frise is a small breed that packs a big personality. Their size makes them highly adaptable to apartment living, but they have the heart of a much larger dog.

  • Height: Bichon Frises typically stand between 23-30 cm (9-12 inches) at the shoulder.
  • Weight: Their weight ranges from 3-5 kg (7-12 lbs).

This petite stature, combined with their fluffy white coat, makes them an irresistible choice for those looking for a charming and manageable companion.

Coat & Colours

One of the most distinctive features of the Bichon Frise is its luxurious, curly coat. This breed is known for its hypoallergenic qualities, which can be a blessing for those with allergies. While the most common colour is pure white, Bichon Frises can also have variations of cream, apricot, and buff in their coat.


White stands as the most prevalent and officially recognized colour for the Bichon Frise. A vast majority of these enchanting dogs boast a pristine, solid white coat, enhancing their unique and graceful appearance. The brilliance of this white coat serves as a striking contrast against their dark, expressive eyes and distinctive black nose.


In addition to white, some Bichon Frises may display a creamy coat variation. Cream Bichons showcase a delicate off-white or pale cream hue that subtly deviates from the traditional white. This creamy touch often appears as gentle markings on their ears, face, or body.


Among Bichon Frises, the apricot colour variation makes a charming appearance. Apricot Bichons sport a warm, light orange or pale apricot shade within their coat. This delightful colouration typically manifests as patches or markings, bestowing a unique and endearing charm upon their overall appearance.

Grooming in Ireland

In Ireland, where the weather can be unpredictable, grooming plays a significant role in a Bichon Frise’s well-being. Regular brushing and occasional trips to the groomer help maintain their stunning appearance and prevent matting, which can occur in the damp Irish climate.


Bichon Frises are renowned for their delightful temperament, making them an ideal choice for families, singles, and seniors alike. Their charming and affectionate nature is perfectly complemented by their intelligence and eagerness to please.

Irish Companions: In counties like Kerry, where a sense of community and companionship is highly valued, Bichon Frises have become cherished members of many households. Their friendly disposition and love for human interaction make them the perfect addition to the close-knit Irish society.

Bichon Frise Mixes

Bichon Frise mixes, often referred to as “designer dogs,” are a captivating blend of the Bichon Frise’s charming traits and the characteristics of another breed. These delightful hybrids inherit a unique combination of qualities that can make them wonderful companions for various lifestyles.

Some popular Bichon Frise mixes include:

  1. Bichon Poo (Poochon): A cross between a Bichon Frise and a Poodle. These mixes often inherit the Poodle’s intelligence and hypoallergenic coat.
  2. Maltese Bichon (Maltichon): A blend of the Bichon Frise and the Maltese breed. Maltichons are known for their small size and silky, white coats.
  3. Shichon: Combining the Bichon Frise with the Shih Tzu, Shichons are affectionate and great family pets with a fluffy coat.
  4. Yorkie Bichon (Yo-Chon): A mix of the Bichon Frise and the Yorkshire Terrier, Yo-Chons are small, energetic dogs with a loving disposition.
  5. Havanese Bichon (Havachon): Mixing the Bichon Frise and the Havanese breed results in Havachons, known for their friendly and sociable nature.
  6. Cockachon: The Bichon Frise and Cocker Spaniel mix, Cockachons are charming dogs with a friendly demeanor and a mix of curly and silky fur.
  7. Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Bichon (Cavachon): Combining the Bichon Frise with the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel results in Cavachons, which are gentle, affectionate, and good with families.
  8. Bichon-A-Ranian: A mix of the Bichon Frise and the Pomeranian breed, these dogs are often small, fluffy, and full of personality.
  9. Bichon Boston: Combining the Bichon Frise with the Boston Terrier, Bichon Bostons are known for their playful and friendly nature.
  10. Bichon-Chi: A mix of the Bichon Frise and the Chihuahua, Bichon-Chis can have a compact size and lively personality.

These Bichon Frise mixes offer a wide range of appearances, temperaments, and needs, allowing prospective dog owners to choose the one that best fits their preferences and lifestyle.

Bichon Frise for Sale in Ireland

If you’re considering bringing a Bichon Frise into your life in Ireland, you have several options. You can use our website, choose to adopt from a rescue organization or purchase from a reputable breeder. Remember to prioritize the well-being of the dog and ensure that they are raised in a loving and caring environment.

Rescue Organizations: Consider reaching out to rescue organizations such as the Irish Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ISPCA) or Dogs Trust Ireland. These organizations often have Bichon Frises in need of loving homes.

Reputable Breeders: If you decide to go through a breeder, do your research and choose one with a good reputation. Responsible breeders in counties like Waterford and Limerick are dedicated to producing healthy, well-socialized Bichon Frise puppies.

Useful Links

To further assist you in your journey with Bichon Frises in Ireland, we’ve compiled a list of useful links: